New Zealand is characterized with straight green meadows, lines of bare hills and cold oceanic climate.
New Zealand is divided into the following parts: the North Island and the South Island.
The North Island with Auckland is warmer. It’s area characterized by cultivation of Chardonnay, Müller Thurgau, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Pinot noir.
The South Island is cooler. It’s area characterized mainly by cultivation of Sauvignon blanc. The largest viticultural areas are Gisborne, Hawke’s Bay and Malborough.
Climate Oceanic climate with frequent precipitation. Annual precipitation from 850 up to 1400 mm. It is raining mainly in summer and autumn, so the vine has sufficient humidity.
Soil Heavy and fertile land, in the area Malborough – gravely.
Varieties Sauvignon Blanc – local name is “Pungent“ – sharp wine, Rizling Rýnsky, Müller Thurgau, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah.
Guiding of vine Scott Henry – horizontal arrangement of branches, one above another; bunches of grapes have enough sun and can ripen.
Viticulture Total area of vineyards: 8 000 ha
Annual production: 400 000 – 500 000 hl
Export: 95 per cent
Own consumption: 10,7 l per inhabitant / year
Production : white wine 84 per cent, red wine 16 per cent
Viticultural Act 75 per cent of wine marked on label must be made of mentioned variety. It is not obligatory to list the area.
Export Great Britain : 62,2 per cent
Australia : 12,5 per cent
Germany : 6,3 per cent
Japan : 2,9 per cent